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Samtskhe-Javakheti

  • Samtskhe-Javakheti
  • Akhaltsikhe
  • 6,413 km²
  • -3 - +9°C
  • UTC+4
  • Lari
  • Georgian
  • 208,000
  • “Georgia is an orangery of beauties. All Europeans, who appeared in Georgia, talk about the precious beauty of Georgian female unanimously.”

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    Immanuel Kant
  • “Georgians are distinctive, with a lovely face and proud of their beautiful country, as I am proud that I am from New York. I will be back to Georgia again.”

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    Billy Joel
  • "I've seen almost everything in Tbilisi – in Georgian heaven, and I have not worked such productively anywhere than in Tbilisi."

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    Alexandre Dumas

General Information About Samtskhe-Javakheti

Javakheti is the rocky mountainous region with rugged gorges, springs, lakes, rivers, long and fast rivers. Samtskhe have very few vallies, terrainn is difficult: plain terraces, hills and volcanic mountains.The main rivers of Samtskhe are The Kura and the Chorokhi. Javakheti includes several sub-region, they are the following: the north-Chobaret- Tabisquri, Akhalkalaki and southern plains or Kartsakhi-Niall. Javakheti surface is an undulating plain, the topography of the caves, valleys, rivers, hills and canyons. There are many cold, small and large rivers, freshwater lakes with a lot of fish. It should be noted that the great rivers of the region are The Paravani and its tributaries The Javakheti Kura and others. Large lakes of Javakheti are the following: The Paravani, The Khanchali, The Sagamo, The Madatapa, The Bugdasheni, The Tsunda and others. Akhaltsikhe basin is a belt of broad-leaved forest, spruce and pine forest along 1850 meters. Above the forest zone there are subalpine and alpine meadows. In the gorge of The Dzandze river there is located the flora which is known of the Goderzi flora.

Climate

Javakheti is characterized with special climate. For most of the fields there is the mountainous region climate. Winter cold and it snows very little, while summers are long and warm. In higher zones, on the Meskheti ridge, there is transitional climate from humid to moderately continental. The average air temperature range is from -3C degrees to +9C.

Food in Samtskhe-Javakheti

Apokhti is considered a delicacy in Samtskhe-javakhur- salted and dried meat. Tatarberaki is a traditional dish - boiled thin chopped dough slices in butter accompanied with stewed onions. Bakmaz is honey made by mulberry fruit. Tenili cheese is pride of Meskhetian cuisine. Beekeeping is also developed. There is a large range of products and a variety of baked goods, wheat foods: Kakala, Somini, Bazlava and several types of bread.

Samtskhe-Javakheti Culture and Traditions

Samtkhe-Javakheti is the oldest region of Georgia. In this area theer are many archaeological sites. We can say that Javakheti land keeps many secrets and its extensive areas need to be explored.

Samtskhe-Javakheti- this is the oldest Meskheti - the founder of spiritual and cultural development. The name of former capital of Georgia comes from the word "Mtskheta", a number of authors argue that "Meskhta" means town. The greatest poet and genius of Georgia Shota Rustaveli was the resident of Meskheti.

The archelogical excavations have revealed that people have been living in Samtskhe-Javakheti area since ancient time. In the territory of region there are a lot of ancient settlement and barrow burials. Here we meet the cyclopean type huge castles, walls, towers and crypts.

Bakuriani

Bakuriani – is located at an altitude of 1700 meters, in the Borjomi region, in the stunning mountains of the Caucasus. Only three-hour drive from Tbilisi. Before Olympic sportsmen used to train here. So, such high level of infrastructure and trails are not surprising. It offers some of the most spectacular ski and snowboard tracks

Borjomi

Borjomi water rises to the surface of the Earth from the depths of 8-10 km, with the help of pressure of natural gas and carbon dioxide. In comparison with many other mineral watert, it does not have time to cool under the land and comes to the surface in the form of a warm (38-41

Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park

Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park is a protected area and it is one of the largest national parks in Europe. Its total area is 85.083 hectares, which is more than 1% of the territory of Georgia. National park offers hiking, horse riding, cycling and educational tours. Park routes operate throughout the year.

Peter’s Castle

Peter’s Castle is located 3 km away from Borjomi. It consisted of a citadel and the related lower yard. There are different facilities preserved inside the castle- the ruins of the residence halls and cellar. The fence includes gun and stone places.

Romanovs’ Palace

Romanovs’ Palace in Likani has been attracting attention due to its unique beauty since the old times. Therefore, Russian Grand Duke Romanov built palace in the Renaissance style, which was the summer residence for royal family. There are eight cottage houss in the territory with decorative plantings and parks; the center of it is the