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Mtskheta-Mtianeti

Mtskheta-Mtianeti

Mtianeti is one of the beautiful and various parts of Georgia. Here snowy mountains in 3500 and 5000 m of the Ccaucasus range are close to each other.

Here are peaks and mountain passes, beautiful gorges, secluded lakes and alpine valleys. The Caucasus of Khevi and Khevsureti is amazingly beautiful. It slopes steeply down Aragvi valley and creates a unique landscape. From several passes in the Caucasus – Jvari Pass, which is very beautiful and locates on the unique Georgian military road connects to north Georgia historically. This beautiful province is described by Georgian poets and writers as well as foreign traveleres.

Mtskheta-Mtianeti Culture and Traditions

Mtskheta was not only the ancient capital of Georgia, but also the history of the Georgian civilization. The territory of Mtskheta and “Great Mtskheta” has been inhabited since the early Middle Bronze Age (III-II millennium BC). During late Bronze and early Iron Age (II-I millennium BC) it was heavily populated (Principality, the upper Avchala, Tsitsamuri, Narekvavi, Tserovani, Nabaghrevi’s necropolis and settlements). In BC IV century Mtskheta is the political center of newly born Kartli Kingdom (Iberia). Promotion and development of the city was supported by the favorable geographical location – here the international trade ways were passing, which were along the rivers The Aragvi and The Kura.

Mtskheta was the center of Christianity till the XII century. Mtskheta-Mtianeti region, as the border line, which in spite of the stricest conditios was protecting its northern borders, remains the guardian of the traditions which were established during the centuries. A number of provinces: Khevi, part of Khevsureti due to terribe conditions in the winter months of the year are isolated. Therefore, heroism of people from these provinces is extremely important, they participations in battles and the role of protecting the northern borders of Georgia.

Climate

In the lowland part of Mtskheta-Mtianeti region, the climate is mild. There are moderately cold winters and long, warm summer. The average temperature of year is 11 ° C, in lower than January – 0 ° C. The absolute minimum is fixed at -30 ° C, the absolute maximum + 39 ° C. In the mountains, which devoid of real summer there is alpine humid, and above 3300-3400 m – there is an alpine climate with excess snow and glaciers. Avarage annual temperature ranges between 0 ° C- at 2350 meters, and above – significantly lower. Maximum rainfall is in the spring, in May. In winter snow is mostly in the whole region. The cover of snow is very low. In some years in the mountainous parts it reaches 3,5 m. In Kazbegi region in the height of 2600-36000 m real summer never comes. Upper 3600 meters there is always snow and glaciers, mostly precipitation comes in the form of snow. Precipitation: 650-1000 mm per year. Persistent snow lasts for 5-7 months.

Mtskheta-Mtianeti Culture and Traditions

Mtskheta was not only the ancient capital of Georgia, but also the history of the Georgian civilization. The territory of Mtskheta and “Great Mtskheta” has been inhabited since the early Middle Bronze Age (III-II millennium BC). During late Bronze and early Iron Age (II-I millennium BC) it was heavily populated (Principality, the upper Avchala, Tsitsamuri, Narekvavi, Tserovani, Nabaghrevi’s necropolis and settlements). In BC IV century Mtskheta is the political center of newly born Kartli Kingdom (Iberia). Promotion and development of the city was supported by the favorable geographical location – here the international trade ways were passing, which were along the rivers The Aragvi and The Kura.

Mtskheta was the center of Christianity till the XII century. Mtskheta-Mtianeti region, as the border line, which in spite of the stricest conditios was protecting its northern borders, remains the guardian of the traditions which were established during the centuries. A number of provinces: Khevi, part of Khevsureti due to terribe conditions in the winter months of the year are isolated. Therefore, heroism of people from these provinces is extremely important, they participations in battles and the role of protecting the northern borders of Georgia.