Specific zone of wine-making is located in the southeastern part of Georgia between the rivers The Alazani and The Iori and occupies 11.300 km 2. North Kakheti is bordered by the Greater Caucasus mountain range, in the west the Kartli ridge, south-east it is bordered by Azerbaijan.
Kakheti is one of the most beautiful and diverse sides of Georgia. There are snowy mountains of the Caucasus with 3300 m and 4500 m height peaks and mountains, fertile plains and valleys, and no matter how suprising it may seem but there is also a semi-desert (Dedoplistskaro and Sagarejo districts) area. The Caucasus in Kakheti is amazingly very beautiful. It slopes down to the Alazani Valley and has the unique landscape. By the one of the passes in The Caucasus Mountains Kakheti is conected to Tusheti. This beautiful province is characterized with unspeakable beauty and special geographic features. Who has ever seen Kakheti even once, for him/her it is always apart with good wine and associates with hospitality, because the region is famous for wine. Here are many varieties of wine and relevantly there are made various wines with high quality.
Kakheti Culture and Traditions
the region is known for cultural monuments. Many of church – monastery or castle attract tourists and travelers. Famous cultural monuments are: Ninotsminda, Bodbe, Khornabudji, Ujarma, Sighnaghi, Gurjaani All Saints Church, Alaverdi, New and Old Shuamta, Ikalto, Gremi, Nekresi and etc. Each church – monastery has its old tradition, still acting in their name-holidays. This is the best factor for the pilgrims or simply interesting for people who are interested in cultural tourism. Tourism also has a great potential for the development a wine tourism. The history of winemaking starts in. BC III-II century, and it is still an important branch of the economy. The wineries of Georgia are concentrated in the region. Local factories offer different services to tourists: they are introduced in the enterprise process, wine testing, Georgian traditions at special ethnographic corners. Wine tasting is available in the traditional Georgian families, where tourists can tatse Georgian wine and dish in old and new style built cellars often acompanied with folk songs. The wine festival is held every year. Six of the protected area – Batsara, Babaneuli, Mariamjvari and Vashlovani nature reserves, national parks of Tusheti and Lagodekhi. Each of them is a magnificent nature monument for nature lovers.
the total number of years of precipitation is 600-800 mm. The length of the vegetation period is 210 days, and in this period the average temperature is 18,50. In spring and autumn are expected hail, which often cause a significant damage to this or that region. During the second half of summer there are long periods of drought. Winter is moderately cold, cloudy and little snow.
Food in Kakheti
for centuries pitcher traditional wine is a dignity and pride of Georgian wine-making. It is as archaic as the pitcher himself. The original technologies of pitcher wine-making as the vines of varied bouquet of independence, gave the uniqueness of the prestigious name to Georgian wine industry. The ancestor of Georgian tribes used to make a pitcher wine during millenium.
Meat dishes are popular in this region, which is related to animal husbandry development. There are often made barbecue, Khinkali, Khashlama and Chakapuli.
Kakheti is also known with its Churchkhela. Cotton thread dangling like a walnut, nuts, and raisins or raisins boiled three times a draw. So they are made in eastern Georgia and western Georgia Churchkhela is called Janjukha. Churchkhela and Janjukha are in a good condition until spring. During the centuries one of the main food for soldiers was Churchkhela.